Classics

    Introduction

    Every student at Halliford gets the opportunity to study Latin. The aim is to help the students to develop a number of things:

    • Their knowledge of vocabulary, grammar and syntax in order to read, understand and interpret Latin.
    • Their knowledge and understanding of ancient literature, values and society through the study of original texts, adapted and abridged as appropriate.
    • Their knowledge and understanding of Latin to deepen their understanding of English and other languages. This will help them to relate their knowledge and understanding of the ancient world to other disciplines.
    • Their research and analytical skills which will empower them to become independent learners and enquirers, equipping them for further study in arts, humanities and sciences.

    Some students at Halliford will get the opportunity to study Classical Civilisation. The aim is to help the students to develop a number skills in order to allow them to:

    • Gain a broad knowledge and understanding of a range of literary and cultural materials from the classical world and the ability to use these to acquire knowledge and understanding of aspects of the classical world
    • Use their knowledge, in conjunction with their analytical and evaluative skills, in order to gain insight into the classical world from the literary and material culture studied
    • Demonstrate an informed response to the material studied, selecting a range of appropriate evidence to support an argument
    • Develop awareness of how classical sources reflect issues relevant both in the classical world and today, such as questions of gender, belief, and citizenship.

    Years 7 - 9

    Latin is taught in Years 7 and 8.  The aim of this course is to introduce the boys to the language and to then develop their vocabulary knowledgeand grammatical understanding.

    In Year 9 some boys continue with Latin and some move to a Classical Civilisation Course.  On this course the boys will get an introduction into the societies of Ancient Athens and Sparta.

    GCSE

    Latin is taught at GCSE. Under the new GCSE Syllabus there are three elements to the Course:

    • Language: where students will develop their knowledge of Latin vocabulary and linguistic structures through reading and studying texts and stories in Latin. They will then demonstrate their linguistic competence through the translation and comprehension of unseen Latin passages. Students will also be able to demonstrate their linguistic ability by either recognising, analysing and explaining accidence and syntax within the context of a narrative passage or by translating short sentences from English into Latin.
    • Literature: where students will develop their knowledge and understanding of ancient literature through studying of a set text. This will assess students’ ability to analyse, evaluate and respond to the ancient literature they have studied. Each set text or group of texts will be between 110 and 120 lines in length.
    • Literature and Culture: where students will knowledge and understanding of Roman civilisation and culture through the study of ancient literature and other ancient source material. Students will study both the prescribed ancient source material, and also study additional ancient sources covering similar content to help illustrate the topics they are studying and provide opportunities for comparison. The topics include: ‘Myth and Belief; ‘Entertainment’; ‘The Romans in Britain’.

    Classical Civilisation is taught at GCSE. Under the new GCSE Syllabus the students will study a range of topics. These will include:

    • War and Warfare: where students will study the works of Homer, Virgil, Tyrtaeus, and Horace. War is one of the most significant aspects of human behaviour, and war and warfare in the classical world holds an endless and compelling fascination. This component highlights different aspects of warfare in the ancient world, including the purposes, conduct and effects of war, as well as how the military interacted with, and impacted upon, wider society. This component covers both Greek and Roman civilisation, focusing on Athens and Sparta in the 5th century BC, and on Rome in the Imperial period. In the ‘Culture’ section the military systems and tactics of each society will be studied, as will the interplay between war, politics and society. Students will also study key battles, not only what happened, but why, and how this impacted on the societies involved. The way in which warfare is viewed and the cultural impact of conflicts, including the human cost of war, make this component a moving area of study for learners which has clear relevance to the modern world. The literature to be studied is a combination of epic and shorter verse; it presents a range of responses to warfare, from glorification to depictions of horror and tragedy.
    • Myth and Religion: where the students will study the works of Plutarch, Livy, Ovid, and Virgil. Myth and religion have always been areas of study popular with students, and so this exploration of religion and mythology in the ancient Greek and Roman world will surely prove to be engaging and appealing. ‘Rome’ here is primarily taken to mean the city of Rome, although reference may be made to other towns and cities which display typical ‘Roman’ characteristics, e.g. Pompeii. Many students come to Classical Civilisation due to a love of the mythology of the ancient world, and so this forms a central part of this thematic component. Students will study myths regarding the role of the gods and heroes in the founding of Athens and Rome and the importance of Heracles/Hercules to both the Greek and Roman world. These are well known stories that learners will enjoy engaging with and studying in increased depth. Myth as a symbol of power will also be explored, as will ever-popular myths about the underworld. Students will also look at the role of religion in the everyday lives of ancient Greeks and Romans. The study of temples, sacrifice, festivals, death and beliefs in the afterlife will give a broad overview of religion in the ancient world, and provides opportunity for the study of a wide variety of material remains, including remarkable temples and works of art. Students will be required to make informed comparisons between Greek and Roman ideas, including the characteristics of the different societies, and the impact of the different cultural contexts on the theme studied. They will also be expected to use literature and visual/material culture in conjuction with one another in order to inform their judgements, including discussion of why or how the sources may present things differently from each other.

    A Level

    Classical Civilisation is taught at A-Level. Under the new A-Level Syllabus the students will study a range of topics. These will include:

    • The World of the Hero: where students will study the works of Homer and Virgil. Students will develop an increasingly sophisticated level of knowledge and understanding of the epics themselves, the way in which they were composed, and the religious, cultural and social values and beliefs of its society. The poems of Homer were considered by the Greeks themselves to be a foundation of Greek culture, standing as they do at the beginning of the Western literary canon. This component provides students with the opportunity to appreciate the lasting legacy of these works and to explore their attitudes and values. The epics of Homer, with their heroes, gods and exciting narratives, have been in continuous study since their conception, and remain popular with learners and teachers today. This component also provides learners with the opportunity to appreciate Virgil’s Aeneid, a cornerstone and landmark in Western literature. Drawing inspiration from Homer, as well as from his own cultural and political context, Virgil explored what it was to be a hero in the Roman world and created a work which has proven enduringly popular.
    • Greek Theatre: where students will study Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex, Euripides’ Bacchae, and Aristophanes’ Frogs. The drama produced in the ancient Greek theatre forms some of the most powerful literature of the ancient world, and has had a profound and wide-reaching influence on modern culture. To fully understand this cultural phenomenon requires study of not only the plays but the context in which their form and production developed. To develop this understanding this component involves the study of the physical theatre space used by the Greeks to stage their dramas, and also depictions of this staging in the visual/material record. This study of the production of Greek drama is coupled with an in–depth study of three plays, all of which have proven to be enduring favourites. The themes and concepts explored by these plays are of significant relevance and interest both to the modern audience as well as that of the original performance. The plays and material culture included in the specification provide learners with a range of interesting sources which will allow them to explore, evaluate and understand this aspect of ancient culture and its relevance to us today.

    Tours and Trips

    Pupils have been taken to Bath, Butser Farm and Fishbourne Palace in order to bring to life the ways in which Romans influenced the Britons.

    Overseas trips have been undertaken to Naples and Pompeii.

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